3D Graphics Library for Ruby
Mittsu makes 3D graphics easier by providing an abstraction over OpenGL, and is based heavily off of THREE.js. No more weird pointers and wondering about the difference between a VAO and a VBO (besides the letter). Simply think of something awesome and make it!
(You can find the source for the Tank Demo here)
Install the prerequisites:
Mittsu depends on Ruby 2.x, OpenGL 3.3+, and GLFW 3.1.x
# OSX $ brew install glfw3 # Ubuntu $ sudo apt-get install libglfw3
NOTE: On Windows, you will have to manually specify the glfw3.dll path in an environment variable (you can download it here)
> set MITTSU_LIBGLFW_PATH=C:\path\to\glfw3.dll > ruby your_awesome_mittsu_app.rb
Add this line to your application's Gemfile:
And then execute:
Or install it yourself as:
$ gem install mittsu
Copy-Paste and Run:
require 'mittsu' SCREEN_WIDTH = 800 SCREEN_HEIGHT = 600 ASPECT = SCREEN_WIDTH.to_f / SCREEN_HEIGHT.to_f renderer = Mittsu::OpenGLRenderer.new width: SCREEN_WIDTH, height: SCREEN_HEIGHT, title: 'Hello, World!' scene = Mittsu::Scene.new camera = Mittsu::PerspectiveCamera.new(75.0, ASPECT, 0.1, 1000.0) camera.position.z = 5.0 box = Mittsu::Mesh.new( Mittsu::BoxGeometry.new(1.0, 1.0, 1.0), Mittsu::MeshBasicMaterial.new(color: 0x00ff00) ) scene.add(box) renderer.window.run do box.rotation.x += 0.1 box.rotation.y += 0.1 renderer.render(scene, camera) end
Step by Step
First, we need to require Mittsu in order to use it:
Then, we'll define some constants to help us with setting up our 3D environment:
SCREEN_WIDTH = 800 SCREEN_HEIGHT = 600 ASPECT = SCREEN_WIDTH.to_f / SCREEN_HEIGHT.to_f
The aspect ratio will be used for setting up the camera later.
Once we have all that we can create the canvas we will use to draw our graphics onto. In Mittsu this is called a renderer. It provides a window and an OpenGL context:
renderer = Mittsu::OpenGLRenderer.new width: SCREEN_WIDTH, height: SCREEN_HEIGHT, title: 'Hello, World!'
This will give us an 800x600 window with the title
Now that we have our canvas, let's start setting up the scene we wish to draw onto it:
scene = Mittsu::Scene.new
A scene is like a stage where all our 3D objects live and animate.
We can't draw a 3D scene without knowing where we're looking:
camera = Mittsu::PerspectiveCamera.new(75.0, ASPECT, 0.1, 1000.0)
This camera has a 75° field-of-view (FOV), the aspect ratio of the window (which we defined earlier), and shows everything between a distance of 0.1 to 1000.0 away from the camera.
The camera starts off at the origin
[0,0,0] and faces the negative Z-axis. We'll position it somewhere along the positive Z-axis so that it is looking at the center of the scene from a short distance:
camera.position.z = 5.0
Our scene isn't going to be very exciting if there is nothing in it, so we'll create a box:
box = Mittsu::Mesh.new( Mittsu::BoxGeometry.new(1.0, 1.0, 1.0), Mittsu::MeshBasicMaterial.new(color: 0x00ff00) )
Mesh in Mittsu is the combination of a
Geometry (the shape of the object) and a
Material (the "look" of the object). Here we've created a 1x1x1 box that is colored green.
Box in hand, we make it part of our scene:
Here comes the fun part... the render loop!
The given block is called every frame. This is where you can tell the renderer what scene to draw, and do any updates to the objects in your scene.
Just to make things a bit more interesting, we'll make the box rotate around its X and Y axes, so that it spins like crazy.
box.rotation.x += 0.1 box.rotation.y += 0.1
Last but not least, we tell the renderer to draw our scene this frame, which will tell the graphics processor to draw our green box with its updated rotation.
Easy peasy! :)
Mittsu follows a similar structure to THREE.js, so you can generally use the same documentation for a description of the various classes and how they work.
If you just want to see what Mittsu can do and how to do it, take a peek inside the
Where you can help
Currently the only unit tests are for most of the maths library, otherwise the library is tested by running the examples and checking that they look correct.
Mittsu is still very young, and there are plenty of small bugs and glitches that need to be ironed out. If you find a bug, create an issue so we can track it and squash it.
Add all the features!
Some of the things I'd like to see ported from THREE.js include:
- Picking (clicking on 3D objects in a scene)
- Bone structure/animation (e.g. for character movements)
- Lens Flares! (for JJ Abrams)
- All the Extras and Helpers (who doesn't need extra help?)
You can use the same docs as THREE.js for now, but I would like to provide Mittsu-specific documentation so devs don't have to keep replacing
- Fork it ( https://github.com/jellymann/mittsu/fork )
- Create your feature branch (
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
- Commit your changes (
git commit -am 'Add some feature')
- Push to the branch (
git push origin my-new-feature)
- Create a new Pull Request
Thank you for helping me help you help us all. ;)