RMfuse provides access to your reMarkable Cloud files in the form of a FUSE filesystem. These files are exposed either in their original format, or as PDF files that contain your annotations. This lets you manage files in the reMarkable Cloud using the same tools you use on your local system.
RMfuse requires Python 3.7 or later. It also requires the FUSE3 library. This should be available in most Linuxes (
libfuse3-3 in Debian-based distributions) and BSDs. RMfuse may work with macFuse, but that is untested. Windows users may try WinFuse, also untested. Installation of RMfuse and its dependencies will likely require the FUSE3 headers and a C build system (
build-essential in Debian).
RMfuse can be installed with pip:
pip install rmfuse
Alternatively, you may clone this repository. Poetry is used for development, so once that is installed you can run
RMfuse installs the script
rmfuse. The script takes a single argument, the path at which the filesystem should be mounted. This must be an existing directory. Any files within that directory will be hidden as long as RMfuse is mounted.
mkdir ~/remarkable rmfuse ~/remarkable
(If you installed with Poetry, you may need to run
poetry run rmfuse.)
The first time RMfuse is run, it will need a one-time code to get access to your reMarkable Cloud account. You will be prompted to get that code from https://my.remarkable.com/connect/desktop, which may require logging in to your reMarkable account. RMfuse uses that code to obtain tokens which it uses in the future to authenticate itself.
To unmount and halt RMfuse, use the
fusermount -u ~/remarkable
RMfuse offers several modes to display your reMarkable Cloud files. You can choose the mode with the
annot: Displays all files in PDF format, with your annotations added. This is the default mode.
orig: Displays the original file for ebooks and PDF files. Notebooks are rendered as PDF files, as in the
raw: Displays all files as ZIP files, reflecting the underlying format used by the reMarkable Cloud. This may be useful when working with other tools that expect files in this form.
meta: Displays metadata about the files in JSON format. Only useful for debugging.
RMfuse provides a special file named
.mode in root directory. When read, this file gives the current mode. Writing a valid mode to this file will switch the mode RMfuse is in. Additionally, writing
refresh to this file will cause RMfuse to refresh its information from the reMarkable Cloud. (By default, this happens every five minutes.)
~/remarkable $ cat .mode annot ~/remarkable $ ls book.pdf document.pdf notebook.pdf ~/remarkable $ echo orig > .mode ~/remarkable $ ls book.epub document.pdf notebook.pdf
RMfuse allows reading of all files in the reMarkable Cloud. Since reading the file requires several HTTP requests, as well as local processing, reads make take some time. Running RMfuse in verbose mode (
-vv) will display information about the actions underway. The most recent file accessed is cached, to improve performance. More sophisticated caching is planned for the future.
RMfuse does its best to provide accurate metadata for the files. However, the reMarkable Cloud provides only modification dates, so that is reported for creation and access dates as well. File sizes in
annot mode are only estimates until the file is read for the first time. This metadata is cached locally to improve responsiveness in the future.
Files can be renamed and moved within the RMfuse filesystem. These changes will be propagated to the reMarkable Cloud. Changes to the file extension will be ignored.
Deleting files from a RMfuse filesystem moves them into the reMarkable Cloud's trash area. These files are accessible in the
.trash hidden directory in the root of the file system. Deleting files within the
.trash folder removes them from the reMarkable Cloud. (N.B. It is not known if this deletes the files from the cloud, or just hides them from clients.)
EPUB and PDF files may be copied into the filesystem, and new directories can be created. These changes are uploaded to the reMarkable Cloud. Copying other types of files into the RMfuse filesystem will fail silently (unfortunately). File extensions are ignored by RMfuse, and thus may change when files are uploaded. For instance, if
book.epub is uploaded and RMFuse is in
annot mode, it will show up in the filesystem as
Existing files cannot be edited; they appear in read-only mode. If you want to edit the contents of a file, you will need to copy it to your local filesystem, edit it, and then copy it back to the RMfuse filesystem. This will cause annotations to be lost (in
orig mode) or flattened into the document itself (in
The file size for annotated files is just an estimate before the file is first read. This can confuse some tools which use the file size to determine how much to read. After reading the file once, the file size will be correctly reported going forward; rerunning these tools a second time is usually enough to get them working.
To try to address this, RMfuse throws an error when a program tries to read past the end of a file. This can cause "No data available" errors to be reported. These are harmless.
RMfuse sometimes fails to authenticate with the reMarkable Cloud servers when starting up. Several failures are possible before success is achieved. It is currently unknown what triggers this problem. RMfuse does not handle this gracefully at present.
Adding a file other than an EPUB or PDF silently fails. RMfuse does throw an error when it has been given an invalid file, but this comes too late for FUSE to pass the error back to the caller. RMfuse may be able to throw an error earlier, based on the first bytes it receives; this will be investigated in the future.
RMfuse caches the most-recently accessed file in memory. This is bad for large files (too much memory used) and small files (we could cache several files). A more sophisticated caching system is planned.
reMarkable(R) is a registered trademark of reMarkable AS. rmrl is not affiliated with, or endorsed by, reMarkable AS. The use of "reMarkable" in this work refers to the company’s e-paper tablet product(s).
Copyright 2020-2021 Robert Schroll
RMfuse is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE.txt for details.
Disclaimer of Warranty
RMfuse is provided without any warranty. Users accept the risk of damages, including the loss of data on their local system, on their reMarkable device, and in the reMarkable Cloud.
If it breaks, you get to keep both halves.