Data visualisation in Python based on NVIDIA OptiX ray tracing framework.
Note: active development is continuing, expect changes.
3D ray tracing package for Python, aimed at easy and aesthetic visualization of large datasets (and small as well). Data features can be represented on plots as a position, size/thickness and color of markers of several basic shapes, or projected onto the surfaces of objects in form of a color textures and displacement maps. All finished with a photorealistic lighting and depth of field.
No need to write shaders, intersection algorithms, handle 3D scene technicalities. Basic usage is even more simple than with matplotlib:
import numpy as np from plotoptix import TkOptiX n = 1000000 # 1M points, better not try this with matplotlib xyz = 3 * (np.random.random((n, 3)) - 0.5) # random 3D positions r = 0.02 * np.random.random(n) + 0.002 # random radii plot = TkOptiX() plot.set_data("my plot", xyz, r=r) plot.show()
... but PlotOptiX is much faster on large data and, with all the raytraced shades and DoF, more readable and eye catching.
- progressive path tracing with explicit light sampling
- pinhole cameras and cameras with depth of field simulation
- geometries: particle (sphere), parallelepiped, parallelogram, tetrahedron, bezier line, surface mesh
- parameterized materials shading: flat, diffuse, reflective, refractive (including light dispersion and nested volumes)
- spherical and parallelogram light sources
- environmental light and ambient occlusion
- post-processing: tonal correction curves, levels adjustment, apply mask/overlay, AI denoiser
- GPU acceleration using RT Cores, multi-GPU support, and everything else what comes with OptiX 6.0
- callbacks at the scene initialization, start and end of each frame raytracing, end of progressive accumulation
- image output to numpy array, or save to popular image file formats
- hardware accelerated video output to MP4 file format using NVENC 9.0
- Tkinter based UI or headless raytracer
- a CUDA-enabled GPU with compute capability 5.0 (Maxwell) to latest (Turing)
- Python 3 64-bit
- .NET Framework >= 4.6.1 (present in normally updated Windows)
- for video encoding: CUDA Toolkit v10.x (tested with v10.0 and v10.1)
- OptiX 6.0.0 libraries
- RnD.SharpOptiX and RnD.SharpEncoder libraries
- all other supporting 3'rd party libraries: FFmpeg (Windows only), LibTiff, Newtonsoft.Json
- Python examples
GPU drivers note: seems that problems are gone with the recent NVIDIA driver updates but if you experience problems with drivers release 430/431 then drivers 419 (Windows) and 418 (Ubuntu, CentOS) are recommended.
Note, at this point, PlotOptiX binaries are tested in: Windows 10, Ubuntu 18.04, CentOS 7.
PlotOptiX was also successfully tested on the Google Cloud Platform, using Compute Engine instance with 2x V100 GPU's and Ubuntu 18.04 image. Here are the installation steps so you can save some precious seconds (FFmpeg not included).
Windows should be ready to go in most cases. You need to do some more typing in Linux. For video encoding you need to install CUDA toolkit in both Linux and Windows.
Most likely you already got the right version with your Windows installation. Just in case, here is the command verifying this:
C:\>reg query "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP\v4\full" /v version HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP\v4\full version REG_SZ 4.7.03056
If the number in your output is < 4.6.1, visit download page and install the most recent release.
Check if / which Mono release is present in your system:
mono -V Mono JIT compiler version 126.96.36.199 (tarball Tue Apr 9 16:16:30 UTC 2019) Copyright (C) 2002-2014 Novell, Inc, Xamarin Inc and Contributors. www.mono-project.com TLS: __thread ... (output cropped for clarity) ...
mono command is not available, or the reported version is < 5.2, visit Mono download page and follow instructions related to your Linux distribution. You want to install mono-complete package.
Note: pythonnet 2.4.0 is not compatible with Mono 6.0; install Mono 5.20.1 instead:
apt -y install gnupg ca-certificates apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-keys 3FA7E0328081BFF6A14DA29AA6A19B38D3D831EF echo "deb https://download.mono-project.com/repo/ubuntu stable-bionic/snapshots/5.20.1 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mono-official-stable.list apt update apt -y install mono-complete
apt update apt install clang libglib2.0-dev python-dev
You may also need to install development tools, if not already present in your system, e.g. in Ubuntu:
apt install build-essential
or in CentOS:
yum group install "Development Tools"
Then, update required packages and install
pip install -U setuptools wheel pycparser pip install -U pythonnet
After successful installation you should be able to do python's import:
import clr print(clr.__version__)
FFmpeg shared libraries >= 4.1 are required to enable video encoding features in PlotOptiX. Uninstall older version first. Visit FFmpeg site and download the most recent release sources. Unpack it to a new folder, cd to it. Configure, compile and install as below:
./configure --enable-shared make sudo make install
Add FFmpeg's shared library path to your config:
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib sudo ldconfig
CUDA libraries are not included in the package and required only for the video encoding features of PlotOptiX. Visit CUDA download page, select your operating system and CUDA version 10.x. Download and run the installer.
Linux note: Install the GPU driver before installing CUDA toolkit, it makes things easier.
pip install -U plotoptix
From GitHub sources:
git clone https://github.com/rnd-team-dev/plotoptix.git cd plotoptix python setup.py install
Then, try running code from the top of this readme, or one of the examples. You may also need to install
PyQt packages, if not shipped with your Python environment.
Denoiser binaries are optional and can be downloaded after PlotOptiX installation (the package size is ~370 MB, administrator rights are required for the installation):
python -m plotoptix.install denoiser
This is an early version. There are some important features not available yet, eg. ticks and labels on plot axes.
PlotOptiX is basically an interface to RnD.SharpOptiX library which we are developing and using in our Studio. RnD.SharpOptiX offers much more functionality than it is now available through PlotOptiX. We'll progressively add more to PlotOptiX if there is interest in this project (download, star, and support if you like it!).
The idea for development is:
Binaries for Linux (done in v0.3.0).
Complete the plot layout / cover more raytracing features.
Convenience functions for various plot styles. Other GUI's.
Here, the community input is possible and warmly welcome!
Looking at examples is the best way to get started and explore PlotOptiX features. Have a look at the readme and sample codes here.
Examples in the repository head may use features not yet available in the PyPI release. In order to download examples compatible with PyPI release install the package:
python -m plotoptix.install examples
This will create a folder with examples in the current directory.