Dotfiler — the ultimate solution for managing dotfiles!
There are very few commands in dotfiler, only:
updatewill pull from all version controlled envs (env is a subdirectory inside the
~/.dotfilesdir, where different configs and scripts could be placed). After that,
updatewill make all that mumbo-jumbo, symlinking, and removing old broken symlinks. If you want to see what will it do without but afraid to loose some files, just fire
dot update --dry --verbose.
addallows you to clone one or more repositories with configs. For example, this will clone my emacs's configs:
dot add svetlyak40wt/dot-emacs. Of course you could use a full url, like this: https://github.com/svetlyak40wt/dot-emacs or <[email protected]:svetlyak40wt/dot-emacs.git>.
statuswill show you if there are any uncommited changes in the envs and warn you if some of them aren't version controlled.
- Clone this project somewhere like
- Clone some config files into the
dot updateto make all necessary symlinks.
- Have a profit!
From user's point of view — very simply. You just create a separate subdirectory called "environments", put configs there and then run
dot update. Dotfiler will make all necessary symlinks automagickally. What makes dotfiler better, than other solutions? It's ability to merge files from different environments into one target dir. Here's an example:
Suppose, you have a
~/.zshrc which sources all configs from
~/.zsh/. And you want to separate default configs from the configs only needed on work machines. In most config managers you will end up with two separate repositories, each sharing part of zsh config. But dotfiler allows you to do a much more clever thing — separate zsh (actually any other configs too, if they understand
include) into the different environments.
In this example:
- The first environment, let's call it
base, will contain the file
- The second environment, called
atwork, will have
Both of them, of course, could include other files, not only zsh configs. Most importantly, these environment now can be stored separately and installed on each machine separately. Now, you can share you default configs on the GitHub, but keep work configs in a separate, private repository.
You can also add new environments using
dot add <url> <url>.... (Probably the process of adding environments on a fresh machine will be even more improved, when I introduce a 'meta-environments', which will allow you to make one env depend on other envs and pull them automatically when adding)
Don't hesitate to try dotfiler. Just install it and make your configs more structured. Extract useful ones and share them on GitHub, as I did. Then send me a link with a short description (or make a pull request), and I'll add you repositories to the end of this page.
Dotfiler's core functionality is fully tested, but that doesn't mean there aren't bugs. If you find one, file the issue on Github, or even better, try to write a test and/or fix for that use case and send it as a pull request. To run all tests, install nose and run
How it works
First dotfiler, walks through all files and all environments collecting dirs and files mentioned in more than one environment as a tree. If a file with same filename exits in more than one environment this is an error and
dot will tell you they are conflicting.
Then, using this tree, it generates source—target pairs, where source is a file inside the environment dir and target is where it should be in your home dir.
dot generates actions for each pair. Actions could be
error. Action are generated based on the current file system's state and previously generated actions. Here is a simple example:
This is a structure of the
~/.dotfiles with two separate enviroments
. ├── emacs │ └── .emacs.d │ ├── .gitignore │ ├── COPYING │ ├── README.markdown │ ├── art │ │ ├── debian-changelog-mode.el │ │ ├── lisp.el │ │ ├── multiple.el │ │ ├── my-org.el │ │ ├── my-python.el │ │ └── pymacs.el │ ├── art.el │ ├── changelog.md │ ├── customizations.el │ ├── init.el │ ├── modules │ │ ├── starter-kit-bindings.el │ │ ├── starter-kit-eshell.el │ │ ├── starter-kit-js.el │ │ ├── starter-kit-lisp.el │ │ ├── starter-kit-perl.el │ │ └── starter-kit-ruby.el │ ├── snippets │ │ └── python-mode │ │ └── pdb.yasnippet │ ├── starter-kit-defuns.el │ ├── starter-kit-misc.el │ ├── starter-kit-pkg.el │ ├── starter-kit.el │ ├── tar.sh │ ├── ubuntu -> art │ ├── ubuntu.el -> art.el │ ├── vagrant -> art │ └── vagrant.el -> art.el └── zsh ├── .bash_profile ├── .zsh │ ├── 00-options │ ├── 01-prompt-functions │ ├── 02-prompt-colors │ ├── 03-prompt │ ├── aliases │ ├── ash │ ├── dotfiler │ └── ssh-agent └── .zshrc
And here is result of
[[email protected]:~/.dotfiles]% dot update LINK Symlink from /home/art/.bash_profile to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.bash_profile was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.emacs.d to /home/art/.dotfiles/emacs/.emacs.d was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zshrc to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zshrc was created
As you can see, dotfiler creates four symlinks, two to files, and two to directories. But this was simple situation with no overlapping subdirectories.
Here is another example, showing how config merging works:
. ├── git │ ├── .gitconfig │ └── .zsh │ ├── git-aliases │ └── git-prompt └── zsh ├── .bash_profile ├── .zsh │ ├── 00-options │ ├── 01-prompt-functions │ ├── 02-prompt-colors │ ├── 03-prompt │ ├── aliases │ ├── ash │ ├── dotfiler │ └── ssh-agent └── .zshrc
In this case, we have two environments and both of them have configs for zsh. For this situation, dotfiler will try to create a directory
~/.zsh and will make symlinks there:
[[email protected]:~/.dotfiles]% dot update LINK Symlink from /home/art/.bash_profile to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.bash_profile was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.gitconfig to /home/art/.dotfiles/git/.gitconfig was created MKDIR Directory /home/art/.zsh was created. LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/00-options to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/00-options was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/01-prompt-functions to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/01-prompt-functions was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/02-prompt-colors to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/02-prompt-colors was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/03-prompt to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/03-prompt was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/aliases to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/aliases was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/ash to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/ash was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/dotfiler to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/dotfiler was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/git-aliases to /home/art/.dotfiles/git/.zsh/git-aliases was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/git-prompt to /home/art/.dotfiles/git/.zsh/git-prompt was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zsh/ssh-agent to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zsh/ssh-agent was created LINK Symlink from /home/art/.zshrc to /home/art/.dotfiles/zsh/.zshrc was created
How to ignore some files
Edit a config file
~/.dotfiles/.dotignore and add any regex patterns you need.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-emacs — my emacs config, based on Emacs Starter Kit.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-zsh — generic config for zsh, which sources all config files from
- svetlyak40wt/dot-tmux — config and python wrapper for tmux.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-git — config and shell aliases for git.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-helpers — misc command line helpers (see repo's README for full list).
- svetlyak40wt/dot-osx — OSX keybindings and settings.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-python-dev – emacs, zsh and pudb settings for Python developement.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-growl – A helper to use growl notifications from ssh sessions.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-lisp – Dotfiler's config for Lisp development.
- svetlyak40wt/dot-osbench – A helper to setup PATH to OSBench's bin directory.
- skeswa/dotfiler – another utility with the same name but completely different approach.