Twonkie is a USB-PD sniffer/injector/sink based on a Google project called Twinkie, re-engineered to be made in one-off quantities by mere mortals.
Twinkie is a great and pretty low-cost solution, and it's open-source so anyone could make their own, but unfortunately the Twinkie design uses a six-layer PCB and all BGA/wafer-scale parts - both of which are usually unavailable to the humble hobbyist.
So I designed the Twonkie, a slightly wonky sibling of Twinkie. It uses a four-layer PCB that can be manufactured cheaply by lots of services like OSHPark, and it makes a point to use only leaded parts for easier soldering (though the main microcontroller can optionally be QFN too via a dual footprint). The most difficult parts are likely the passives which are all 0402, and the USB-C connectors which are used in an unconventional way by misusing 90° upright connectors as 1.6mm straddle mounts (living up to its name).
What does it look like?
The PCB is exactly 1 inch squared, so $10 will get you three at OSHPark. In fact, let me take care of that for you:
(Disclaimer: I am not affiliated with OSHPark, I just love their service to bits and they've been super helpful chaps time and time again.)
The v1.0 Gerbers in this repo no longer need the botch wires around Q4 either, I'll update the photo as soon as I get the next board revision back.
What's changed compared to the original Twinkie?
- A bootloader button in addition to the USB_ID pin based bootloader selection.
- Uses the INA260 part which has an internal sense resistor, which saves space and routing pains.
- The microcontroller pins are rearranged for easier routing, so you'll need a different firmware. Binaries are provided and firmware sources that don't need a full ChromeOS build system will follow soon.
- The USB-C connectors are attached in a hair-raising straddle mount configuration. The way they're soldered to the PCB makes them rock solid though, maybe even more solid than the original Twinkie, and they transfer TB3 20Gbit/s lanes just fine.
Sweet! How do I build my own?
I'm glad you asked! Get the board made via the OSH Park link above, or supply the v1.0 Gerbers in this repository to a PCB fab of your choice, get the parts from Digikey or Mouser or what have you, and follow the Assembly instructions to build the device. I recommend ordering a few extra parts: Get one more of each Type-C connector since you're going to modify them in ways that might end up with a broken connector, and generously round up the number of 0402 passives since you're going to drop some of them and you will never find them again :)
- Easy-to-build firmware sources
- Assembly instructions
- Get Twinkie support upstreamed in sigrok/PulseView
- Nicer v1.0 photos
- As luck would have it, Greg Davill started a project with the exact same goal at a very similar time, so there's now two of us :) https://github.com/gregdavill/PD-sniffer
Hardware (as found in the
Firmware (as found in the
TODO: Mirror Google's license here